Virus de la lengua azul: actualización de la situación en las Américas, el Caribe y Cuba

Ana María Acevedo, Maray Curiel, Damarys Relova, Carmen Laura Perera

Resumen

La lengua azul (LA) es una enfermedad que se encuentra en la lista de enfermedades notificables por la Organización Mundial de Sanidad Animal (OIE). En las últimas dos décadas, el virus de la lengua azul (VLA) ha ocasionado severos brotes en rumiantes domésticos y silvestres en diversos países ubicados fuera del rango de 40°N y 35°S, debido a la migración de Culicoides spp. a latitudes cada vez mayores donde los rumiantes son susceptibles. El cambio climático, impulsado por el calentamiento global, podría contribuir a la propagación del virus sobre esos límites, principalmente mediante la creación de condiciones más adecuadas para la propagación y reproducción de vectores. Esta revisión brinda un resumen sobre algunos datos previamente compilados de los diferentes serotipos del VLA que están presentes en la región de las Américas y el Caribe, determinados por técnicas serológicas o aislamiento viral, así como las especies de vectores involucrados en la transmisión de la enfermedad.

Palabras clave

virus de la lengua azul; América; Caribe; Cuba

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Referencias

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