Micoplasmas hemotrópicos, presencia y métodos de detección en animales con importancia veterinaria

Contenido principal del artículo

Rosa Estela Quiroz-Castañeda
Itzel Amaro-Estrada
Sergio Rodríguez-Camarillo
José Hugo Aguilar-Díaz

Resumen

Los micoplasmas hemotróficos (hemoplasmas) representan una amenaza para la salud animal. Durante los últimos años, la presencia de hemoplasmas alrededor del mundo se ha incrementado significativamente gracias a los recientes métodos de detección moleculares que se han desarrollado. Los hemoplasmas causan alteraciones severas en la salud del animal hospedador, ya sea solos o en coinfección. Entre estos se incluyen los gatos, perros, ratones, cerdos y el ganado bovino. Causan anemia severa hasta una infección crónica, signos clínicos por los que eventualmente el animal puede morir. El interés actual en los hemoplasmas se basa en su papel patogénico a nivel molecular en el animal hospedador. En esta reseña se presenta la información sobre la diversidad de los hemoplasmas y el potencial para ser considerados como riesgo zoonótico. Se resalta también el desarrollo de diversas técnicas moleculares para el diagnóstico de los hemoplasmas, que permiten una detección rápida y precisa para tomar decisiones ante un evento de infección.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Quiroz-Castañeda, R. E., Amaro-Estrada, I., Rodríguez-Camarillo, S., & Aguilar-Díaz, J. H. (2020). Micoplasmas hemotrópicos, presencia y métodos de detección en animales con importancia veterinaria. Revista De Salud Animal, 42(1). Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.censa.edu.cu/index.php/RSA/article/view/1059
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