Piroplasmosis equina

Contenido principal del artículo

Adrian Alberto Díaz-Sánchez
Lisset Roblejo-Arias
Roxana Marrero-Perera
Belkis Corona-González

Resumen

Las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores en el equino constituyen un problema emergente y reemergente en todo el mundo, debido a que causan un enorme impacto económico en los rebaños equinos afectados. La piroplasmosis equina se considera como la enfermedad transmitida por vectores más importante que afecta a la especie equina, que incluye a caballos, asnos, mulas y cebras. Esta enfermedad es causada por los parásitos intraeritrocíticos B. caballi y T. equi, principalmente en regiones de clima tropical, subtropical y templado, donde la enfermedad es endémica. Estos hemoparásitos son responsables de importantes pérdidas económicas en la industria equina, que incluyen los costos por tratamiento veterinario, abortos, la disminución en el desempeño, la muerte de los animales en casos agudos de la enfermedad; además de la imposición de restricciones internacionales para la exportación o la participación en eventos ecuestres deportivos y expositivos de animales seropositivos a B. caballi o T. equi. Los ensayos de cELISA para T. equi y B. caballi son las pruebas de diagnóstico recomendadas por la Organización Mundial de Sanidad Animal para el movimiento internacional de equinos. Se describen diferentes terapias de tratamiento para el control y la esterilización de ambos hemoparásitos en los equinos infectados. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo proporcionar información sobre los principales aspectos relacionados con la piroplasmosis equina.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Díaz-Sánchez, A. A., Roblejo-Arias, L., Marrero-Perera, R., & Corona-González, B. (2020). Piroplasmosis equina. Revista De Salud Animal, 42(1). Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.censa.edu.cu/index.php/RSA/article/view/1060
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