Towards the development of botanical fungicides based on essential oils from Uruguayan native plants

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Elena Pérez Faggiani
Pamela Lombardo
Noelia Umpiérrez
Manuel Minteguiaga
Pablo Alves
Oribe Blanco
Andrea Guimaraens
Fátima Rodriguez
Helena Pardo
Eduardo Dellacassa

Resumen

The main objective of this work was to determine the possible application of essential oils (EOs) as antifungal agents against common citrus and blueberry postharvest pathogens. South American native plants growing in Uruguay were selected to identify their chemical components and to assess the in vitro and in vivo inhibitory capacity against the fungi Guignardia citricarpa, Penicillium digitatum, and Alternaria tenuissima. The chemical composition of EOs from native plants was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In parallel, the percentage of inhibition of these EOs on G. citricicarpa and A. tenuissima development was evaluated by using the volatile phase test (TFV) and agar dilution test (TDA). For P. digitatum, besides TFV test, the bioautography technique on thin layer chromatography was applied. Volatile phase activity of EOs was assessed in vivo on blueberry fruits and sensorial studies were also performed. In citrus fruit, for in vivo assays, EOs were included in nanoparticules that were further incorporated in protein-based edible films. EOs extracted from Lippia alba, Ocimum selloi, and Baccharis trimera plants exhibited a 100% inhibition (in vitro and in vivo fase volatile test) on A. tenuissima. Nevertheless, the EO from B. trimera altered fruit taste. The EOs from Chenopodium ambrosioides, Conyza bonariensis, Pluchea sagittalis, Baccharis salicifolia, Acca sellowiana, Eugenia uniflora, and L. alba showed in vitro fungicidal action against P. digitatum, but only the former showed an effect on G. citricarpa mycelial growth. Moreover, C. bonariensis and B. trimera EOs displayed anti-sporulation activity on G. citricarpa and P. digitatum, respectively. Edible films enriched with EO from L. alba were not able to control P. digitatum in artificially inoculated Clemenules mandarins. Results suggest good perspectives and highlight the importance of future research in doses, application methods and new formulations in accordance with each EOs properties.

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Cómo citar
Pérez Faggiani, E., Lombardo, P., Umpiérrez, N., Minteguiaga, M., Alves, P., Blanco, O., Guimaraens, A., Rodriguez, F., Pardo, H., & Dellacassa, E. (2015). Towards the development of botanical fungicides based on essential oils from Uruguayan native plants. Revista De Protección Vegetal, 30. Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.censa.edu.cu/index.php/RPV/article/view/621
Sección
Resumen del Segundo Seminario Internacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (SISA)