Potencial of Bacillus pumilus (CCIBP-C5) against Mycosphaerella fijiensis

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Mileidy Cruz Martín
Eilyn Mena
Mayra Acosta Suárez
Miguel Tzec Simá
Berkis Roque
Michel Leiva Mora
Tatiana Pichardo
Blondy Canto Canche
Yelenys Alvarado Capó


Black sigatoka, caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis, is the most important disease of banana and plantain crops worldwide. This fungus dramatically reduces plant photosynthetic area and causes premature ripening of fruits. Associated microorganism of crops either in the phyllophere or rhizosphere have been used for the control of different pathogens. Induced systemic defense response in plants have been reported as one of the mechanisms by which these microorganism reduce the disease in plants in conjugation with other mechanisms including direct antagonism and antibiosis. Bacteria isolated CCIBP-C5 from the surface of banana leaves was selected for in vitro antagonism against Mycosphaerella fijiensis and was identified by molecular and biochemical techniques. The effect of cell free culture (CF) of bacterial strains against M. fijiensis was evaluatedin vitro and in Musa plant inoculated in greenhouse. The bacterial strain and their diffused and volatile metabolites produced inhibition on M. Fijiensis mycelial growth. CCIBP-C5 strain was identified as Bacillus pumilus and their CF significantly affected fungal growth and induced damage and oxidative stress on mycelia. In the artificial plant inoculation study, it was found reduction of M. fijiensis biomass by real time PCR technique. In the leaves callose deposition was observed, this results suggested that CFwas able to induce defense response in Musa plants. This study demonstrates that the B. pumilus strains CCIBP-C5 merit further investigation for possible use as biocontrol agents of M. fijiensis.

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Cruz Martín, M., Mena, E., Acosta Suárez, M., Tzec Simá, M., Roque, B., Leiva Mora, M., Pichardo, T., Canto Canche, B., & Alvarado Capó, Y. (2015). Potencial of Bacillus pumilus (CCIBP-C5) against Mycosphaerella fijiensis. Revista De Protección Vegetal, 30. Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.censa.edu.cu/index.php/RPV/article/view/704
Resumen del Segundo Seminario Internacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (SISA)

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